King, Stephen: Nightmares and Dreamscapes
(researched by Robert Liuzzi)

Assignment 1: Bibliographical Description

1 First edition publication information (publisher, place, date, etc.)

Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. New York, New York: Viking Penguin, 1993. Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. London, England: New English Library, Hodder and Stoughton, 1993. Copyright is held by Stephen King, 1993.

2 First edition published in cloth, paper, or both? If both, simultaneous or staggered?

The first American edition was published in trade cloth binding.

3 JPEG image of cover art from first edition, if available

4 Pagination

413 leaves, pp. [6] 1-628 [1] 629-816 [2]

5 Edited or Introduced? If so, by whom?

There is an introudction, entitled "Myth, Belief, Faith and Ripley's Believe It Or Not!," from the author Stephen King. This introduction concerns the power of dreams and the imagination, specifically how King's own imagination, which was inspired by the "Ripley Believe It Or Not" stories created the stories found in this collection.

6 Illustrated? If so, by whom?

There is one illustration on glossy paper stock by Chris Van Allsburg. It is a reproduction of a charcoal drawing entitled "Mysteries of Harris Burdick" Copyright@Chris Van Allsburg, 1984.

7 JPEG image of sample illustration, if available

8 General physical appearance of book (Is the physical presentation of the text attractive? Is the typography readable? Is the book well printed?)

Type Size: 100R Type Style: Modern Serif Text is consistent throughout using same font style Presentation: the text is very readable, with no smudges. This is primarily due to the fact that this specific edition was not read or used due to the dealer's preservation of it upon receipt from the publisher. The text is good size.

9 JPEG image of sample chapter page, if available

10 Paper (Assess the original quality of the paper used for the book. Is the paper in the copy or copies you examined holding up physically over time?)

The paper is off-white, wove paper, with no visible watermark lines. The same paper stock is for the entire book Again, this specific edition is quite durable due to its preservation and lack of use by the original dealer There is no discoloration

11 Description of binding(s)

Material: Bluish Cloth with dotted line grain Stamping: there is a gold 'SK' stamped on the right side of the front cover Endpaper: the endpapers are dark blue with no illustrations Transcription of Spine: Stephen King|NIGHTMARES|&|DREAMSCAPES|Viking Front Cover: SK Back Cover: N/A

12 Transcription of title page

Stephen King|NIGHTMARES|&|DREAMSCAPES|Viking Verso: Viking|Published by the Penguin Group|Copyright@Stephen King,1993|

13 JPEG image of title page, if available

14 Manuscript Holdings


15 Other (typograpical information from title page, etc.)

There is an inscription on the fourth leaf of the book, transcribed In Memory of|THOMAS WILLIAMS, 1926-1991:|poet, novelist, and,|great American storyteller.| There is an extra story, entitled 'the Beggar and the Diamond,' which is not included in the Table of Contents There is a dealer inscription on the first leaf, with the edition number, price, and date of receipt: 1st ed. 16.50| 7/93

Assignment 2: Publication and Performance History

1 Did the original publisher issue the book in more than one edition? If so, briefly describe distinguishing features of each (illustrations, cover art, typography, etc.); if not, enter N/A

Viking Penguin only published the hardcover edition in 1993. However, Signet, which is a division of Penguin Putnam, published the first paperback version in September 1994. Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. New York, New York: Signet, 1994. In the Signet version, there is different cover art depicting a divided sun (see question #2) On the first leaf, there are eight reviews about Nightmares and Dreamscapes from the Viking Penguin edition. This edition also features advertisements for ordering other Stephen King books on both first and last leaf of the edition.

2 JPEG image of cover art from one subsequent edition, if available

3 JPEG image of sample illustration from one subsequent edition, if available

4 How many printings or impressions of the first edition?

There were 1.5 million printings of the Viking Penguin edition.

5 Editions from other publishers? If so, list their dates and publishers; if not, enter N/A

1.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. Thorndike, Me: G.K. Hall, 1994 2.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. London: Hodder, 1993. (British first edition) 3.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. London: New English Library, 1993. (early export edition) 4.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. New York, New York: New American Library, 1994. 5.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. New York, New York: Macmillan Library Reference, 1994. (large type edition) 6.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes. London: Smithmark Publishers. (date not provided)

6 Last date in print?

Nightmares and Dreamscapes is still in print, according to Signet Publishing

7 Total copies sold? (source and date of information?)

The Viking Penguin hardcover edition sold 1,328,927 in 1993 copies (source: Publisher's Weekly, October 17th, 1994) The Signet paperback sold 2,600,636 copies up until 1994 (source: Publisher's Weekly, MArch 20th, 1995) No other sales information was available for the other editions.

8 Sales figures by year? (source and date of information?)

Viking Penguin edition sold 1,328,927 copies in 1993. Signet sold 2,600,636 copies in 1994. All other yearly sales information is unavailable.

9 Advertising copy (transcribe significant excerpts, briefly identify where ads were placed)

In the 8/9/93 edition of Publishers Weekly, Viking Penguin advertised their fall books. It was a two page spread with Stephen King's Nightmares and Dreamscapes appearing in the second column below the October Releases heading for Viking Penguin Books.

10 JPEG image of sample advertisement, if available

11 Other promotion

In 1993, Viking Penguin Press, in relationship with the Online Bookstore, published the story "Umney's Last Case" online three weeks before the release of the first edition. Patrons of the Online Bookstore could purchase the story for $5 to download or $5 to read it online. Viking Penguin was the first major trade publisher to upload a story onto the Internet. In 1994, Signet organized a Stephen King week to mark King's 20 years of bestsellerdom. "To mark 20 years of bestsellerdom--and the paperback publication of Nightmares and Dreamscapes-- Signet is holding a week-long Stephen King Celebration." (from Publsiher's Weekly)

12 Performances in other media? If so, list media, date, title, production information; if not, enter N/A

"Night Flier" was made into a movie with the same title in 1997. It was released on 95 screens for one day only and grossed $91,549 The movie starred Miguel Ferrer as Richard Dees and Julie Entwisle as Katherine Blair. Stephen King shared writing credits with Jack O'Donnell II. "Chattery Teeth" along with Clive Barker's short story, "the Body Politic," was made into the movie Quicksilver Highway in 1997. The movie starred Christopher Lloyd as Quicksilver, Matt Frewer as Dr. George, and Clive Barker as the anethesiologist. It was a television movie. Clive Barker shared writing credits with Mick Garris. Also, Nightmares and Dreamscapes has been translated onto audio cassette. 1.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes Vol. 1 Audio. New York: High Bridge Audio, 1993. 2.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes Vol. 2 Audio. New York: High Bridge Audio, 1993 3.Stephen King. Nightmares and Dreamscapes Vol. 3 Audio. New York: High Bridge Audio, 1994

13 Translations? If translated, give standard bibliographic information for each translation. If none, enter N/A

1.Stephen King. Alptraume. Munich: William Heyne, 1995. (German) 2.Stephen King. Reves et cauchemars. Paris: Albin Michel, 1994. (French). 3.Stephen King. Nochnye koshmary i fantasticheskie videniia. Moskva, Russia: Mir, 1994. (Russian). 4.Stephen King. O meng kung ch'ang II. T'ai-pei hsien San-ch'ung shih, 1999 (Ch'u pan edition). (Chinese). 5.Stephen King. Pesadillas y alucinaciones : la boca saltarina y otros delirios. Barcelona:Grijalbo, 1996. (Spanish). 6.Stephen King. Abgrund : nightmares and dreamscapes. Muinch, William Heyne,1995. (2nd German).

14 Serialization? If serialized, give standard bibliographic information for serial publication. If none, enter N/A


15 Sequels/Prequels? Give standard bibliographic information for each. If none, enter N/A

"It Grows On You" is an introductory story to King's earlier novel 'Needful Things' Stephen King. Needful Things. New York, New York: Viking Penguin, 1991.

Assignment 3: Biographical Sketch of the Author

1 Paste your biographical sketch here (maximum 500 words)

For this focus on Stephen King's history, I am centering on the period of 1992-1993, during which he was finalizing Nightmares and Dreamscapes for its' initial publication. In March, 1992, two of King's books, the Dead Zone and Tommyknockers, were placed on the restricted list in the Duval County (FL) school district. Students desiring to read these books needed written parental permission to do so. No response from King could be found, through investigation of publishing sources, book publications and King's own website. Later, in June, King found a stranger outside of his home. The stranger, identified as Stephen Lightfoot, parked a van in King's hometown of Bangor, Maine, claiming that he had photographic proof that King was the murderer of ex-Beatle John Lennon. While Lightfoot never harmed King, the author still had a court injunction barring Lightfoot from both his home and office in Bangor. Police have yet to charge Lightfoot with any crime, seeing as he has never attended any events which King has, including the dedication of a $1 million youth baseball facility donated by King. Later the next day, police blew up a supposed bomb inside the front gate of King's home in Bangor. The bomb turned out simply to be a parcel containing several of King's novels, including It. A month later, King found himself in legal trouble. Upset by the altered content and plot of the movie Lawnmower Man based upon his story, King sued the producers to remove his name from any promotion or publication of the movie as he was upset over the new version of the movie. On July 2nd, a judge agreed with King, ordering the movie's producers to remove King's name from the movie. King had more trouble over another movie a few weeks later as he finally had to settle a court case. A cinematographer, Armando Nannuzzi, suffered an eye injury during the 1985 filming of King's movie, Maximum Overdrive. In the particular scene, a lawnmower lost control, eventually hurling a splinter into Nannuzzi's eye, causing blindness. Things relaxed somewhat until the beginning of the next year. On January 20th, honor student Scott Pennington shot and killed a teacher and janitor in Grayson, Ky. Classmates reported that earlier, Pennington had written a book report of Stephen King's novel Rage, which centers around a student killing his teachers and classmates, written under the pseudonym Richard Bachman. Again, no response from King could be found. In the middle of September, King and his wife Tabitha purchased a 32-acre lot on the Kezar Lake in western Maine, obtaining the property for $750,000. Then, in October, the hard cover version of Nightmares and Dreamscapes was published. Speaking in a September 26th issue of the San Francisco Chronicle, King said of the book. ''The idea for each of the stories in this book came in a moment of belief and was written in a burst of faith, happiness and optimism?Those positive feelings have their dark analogues, however." These ideas of "faith, happiness, and optimism...(with) dark analogies" are important then since they appear in several of the stories in the book. For example,in the story "the End of the Whole Mess," the plot surrounds a man, Robert, who thinks that he has found a solution to the all the fighting and war in the world, in the form of potent drinking water. Thus, Robert is extremely optimistic about the world's future. However, his optimism has its' dark analogies as this solution comes with a cost: it turns men into mindless zombies. Then, in the October 10th issue of the Houston Chronicle, it is noted how the brother in the story "the End of the Whole Mess" is modeled after King's own, genius brother. However, unlike the character in the story, King's brother has never harmed anyone. Furthermore, the stories in these collection have been floating around in King's head for years. In the years surrounding the publication of the book, King simply transformed the stories into written form. As evidenced by a review of Nightmares and Dreamscapes, the formation of the stories took around twenty years, "the writing occurred over two decades" (Houston Chronicle, 10/18/93).

Assignment 4: Reception History

1 Paste contemporary reception history in here (maximum 500 words)

Nightmares and Dreamscapes was published in 1993 with great critical reception. The book was hailed as another King masterpiece of short story collections, building on the earlier success of the short story collections Night Shift (1978) and Skeleton Crew (1985). The reviewers stressed the wide range of subject matter in the collection as one of its'strengths, "this is a wonderful cornucopia of 23 Stephen King moments?the power of this collection lies in its amazing richness of his fevered imagination" (Publisher's Weekly October 1993). This wide range of stories is again emphasized by another reviewer who writes that King is successful in his ability to write well on a variety of subject mattter. "For a fellow delving largely into the supernatural, such weaving can be daunting within the smaller tapestry of short stories...but it's told with a lunatic conviction and a lurching, violent pace that keeps the reader far too off balance to challenge" (Houston Chronicale 10/10/93). However, King'a attempt at diversity does not always prove successful with reviewers, who feel that King needs stay with the proven material of horror stories and stay away from other genres of writing, such as the Hindu parable, "the Beggar and the Diamond" and the piece on Little League baseball. "The real strentgh of Nightmares and Dreamscapes is what we ultimately expect of King-- the scary stuff. He delivers with little blasts of his warped and limitless imagination" (Ottawa Citizen, 10/30/93). One interesting aspect of the reviews surveyed is the numerous allusions to King's inability to match great American authors while still producing well written prose, "nothing in it suggests King's about to go toe-to-toe with Updike, Mailer, Bellow et al" (Booklist, October 1993). Another common characteristic among the reviews surveyed is the praise of King's piece, 'Head's Down,' which King wrote for the New Yorker about a little league baseball team's season. This work is a specific piece of prose King calls "the best non-fiction writing of my life" (Kirkus Reviews, July 1, 1993). Overall, the critics reacted quite well to King's release of Nightmares and Dreamscapes, believing this collection to be yet another bestseller in a line of King bestsellers, "Addicts fear not: the King lives" (Kirkus Reviews, July 1st, 1993); "he just can't be stopped from coming up with haunting plots" (Publishers Weekly October 1993). One interesting review is from Albedo magazine, which praises Nightmares and Dreamscapes, describing it as a "tour de force." Albedo is a British magazine, which illustrates the effect that Stephen King has throughout the world. Overall, King's Nightmares and Dreamscapes opened to rave reviews and reception among the publishing community. Tim Hayes, of the Ottawa Citizen Book review, put it best, "King has done good and we all get to lose some sleep because of it" (Ottawa Citizen, 3/18/94) 1.Publishers Weekly, July 8, 1993 2.New York Times Book Review, July 8, 1993 3.Kirkus Reviews, July 1st, 1993 4. Albedo One:1, Spring 1994 5. Booklist, July, 1993 6. Houston Chronicle, October 10th, 1993 7. Ottawa Citizen, October 30th, 1993 8. the Daily Telegraph, December 18, 1993 9. the Times, December 27, 1993 10. Ottawa Citizen, March 17, 1994

2 Paste subsequent reception history in here (maximum 500 words)

There has not been that much recent reviews or reception concerning King's Nightmares and Dreamscapes, due to both the date of the publication and number of King books which have followed Nightmares and Dreamscapes, numbering around 11 works. However, due to the rise of Internet book sales, there have been reviews, all favorable, from Internet book providers, such as and, "these fine stories?the theme, mood, characters vary?but a sense of story reigns supreme" ( Although there have not been any specific reviews of Nightmares and Dreamscapes, there have been allusions to the short story collection in reviews of King's later story collection 'Six Stories,' which is six isolated stories, "Darlene Pullen is the only female main character in Six Stories, and she is reminiscant of the maid in Nightmares and Dreamscapes" (Lucky Quarter). Thus, Nightmares and Dreamscapes has not been reviewed much since its' initial publishing in 1993 and 1994, although the few recent reviews have been favorable, like the initial reviews. 1. Lucky Quarter, from (no date available) 2. from

Assignment 5: Critical Analysis

1 Paste your critical analysis in here (maximum 2500 words)

The genre of bestsellers has evolved greatly over the course of the 20th century, beginning with the early bestsellers of Maurice Johnson and Winston Churchill, evolving into the present bestsellers of John Grisham and Tom Clancy. The overall genre has changed immensely in the past hundred years as the same author names and style of books repeatedly appear on the bestsellers lists, suggesting the idea that the recent bestsellers are based more upon basic story lines and accepted author name than upon the artistic merit or substance of the work, which characterized many bestsellers at the turn of the century. Stephen King is the epitome of this evolution of the bestseller genre as he established himself as a credible, best-selling author early into his career, now only needing to produce new stories with variations on the same theme of his past successes. I intend to show that Stephen King's literary career and book successes demonstrate the changing landscape of the bestseller genre, which is now primarily judged on author name, past literary history, and formulaic plots. I will demonstrate that King uses a basic formula in the majority of his stories, which he then combine with recycled characters and modern technology. This formula, which appears throughout Nightmares and Dreamscapes, marks the advent of a new age of book selling, in which author name, combined with the power of the Internet promotion, becomes a primary base for commercial success. Stephen King has been one of the most successful authors of all time, in terms of book sales and the number of weeks his novels have appeared on the bestseller lists. King continued this success, when, in 1993, he published Nightmares and Dreamscapes, King's 3rd short story collection, after the publications of Night Shift (1978) and Skeleton Crew (1985). Nightmares and Dreamscape fulfilled the high expectations of the book community, selling well over a million copies of the hardcover version in its first year of publication. The success of which marked the formation of the modern bestseller, which combined author history, formulaic plot and the power of the Internet. King's success with Nightmares and Dreamscapes follows the same basic King story line behind many of his other successful stories: place ordinary people in fantastic situations and follow their reactions, with 'fantastic' defined as "Existing only in imagination; fanciful; imaginary; not real. Indulging the vagaries of imagination; whimsical; full of absurd fancies; capricious" (4). This formula is exhibited in other King bestsellers such as It and Cujo. In It, Pennywise the clown, who is ageless evil, tries to kill children in the town of Derry, encountering a group that call themselves the "Losers," who attempt to kill him in 1957 and 1985. In Cujo, an ordinary mother and son, Donna and Ted Trenton, are attacked and held captive in their car by a rabid dog in a remote area of Maine, after Ted has dreams of a monster in his closet. Both novels, in addition to numerous other King novels, places the ordinary protagonist(s) in fantastic situations, causing them to deal with the unusual situation around them. In Nightmares and Dreamscapes, he then combines this formula with addition of then-current popular culture to place these stories within a modern historical context, which the reader would be able to connect with. For example, the first story of the collection, 'Dolan's Cadillac,' centers around the story of a teacher who methodically plots to avenge the death of his wife who was murdered by Dolan, a big time mob boss, in order to put the his wife's ghost to rest. The story presents the formula of the ordinary man, who comes into contact with a fantastic situation, that of the big time mob boss Dolan. In the story, there are many references made to popular culture such as McDonalds and the precise model of Dolan's Cadillac, which places the story in the modern era. This formula is continued in another story, 'the Night Flier,' where an ordinary reporter sets off on the trial of a murderer, whom he believes to be a vampire. Thus, again, a seemingly ordinary man comes into contact with a fantastic event or being, this time a vampire serial killer. In the story, many references are made to popular culture in the form of entertainment news and noteworthy events. For example, the reporter's editor jokes about plans on running the vampire story beside a picture of Danny Devito from the Batman movie, "What do you think if we run the best of these (contact sheets) next to a photo of Danny Devito in that Batman movie?" (1 p. 113). The reference is to the movie 'Batman Returns,' which was originally released in 1992. Later in the story, another pop culture reference is made in relation to Magic Johnson, the former star basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers, who disclosed in 1991 that he was HIV positive, a precursor to the AIDS epidemic, "but the ever popular common man was still a lot more interested in mass murders, buried scandals in the lives of the stars and just how Magic Johnson had gotten AIDS" (1 p. 118). Both references place the story within the context of the last decade of so, which most American readers can relate to. Thus, King has used an established, successful formula throughout most of Nightmares and Dreamscapes, only escaping this formula for a parable titled 'the Beggar and the Diamond' and a non-fiction piece, 'Head Down,' on the Bangor, Maine Little League team, which King's son played on. He places the ordinary man in an extraordinary situation, combing a common horror story plot line with pop culture references and recycled characters. King also reuses many characters, which have appeared in other successful King novels, in addition to reusing characters from other successful horror stories and franchises (see Supplementary Materials for a complete list of common ties between Nightmares and Dreamscapes and other King stories). For example, in the story, 'Night Flier,' the reporter's name is Richard Dees. Dees earlier appeared in the novel, the Dead Zone, which centers around the story of a man, Johnny Smith, who wakes up with special powers of clairvoyance after five years in a coma. The Dead Zone (1979) was another successful King novel, spending over ten weeks on the paperback bestseller list. King himself said that sometimes a character needs to be brought back because they have something more to say, "sometimes a supporting character in a novel catches a reader's attention and refuses to go away, insisting he has more to say or do. Richard Dees, the protagonist is such a character" (1 p.802). King continues this use of past characters later in the collection in the stories, 'Popsy' and 'Home Delivery.' In 'Popsy,' a little boy is kidnapped by a man at a shopping center only to incur the wrath of the boy's kindly grandfather. King, in the 'Notes' section of Nightmares and Dreamscapes, admits that the little boy's grandfather is in fact the Night Flier from the previous story. "Is this little boy's grandfather the same creature that demands Richard Dees open his camera and expose his film at the conclusion of the 'Night Flier?' You know, I rather think he is" (1 p. 802). King varies this idea somewhat in the story, 'Home Delivery,' in which he uses a successful idea from a fellow horror writer's collection. The story surrounds a woman learning to overcome her fears at the same time realizing that she is living in a town of zombies. The zombies were taken from King-friend George Romero's horror trilogy, 'Night of the Living Dead,' 'Dawn of the Dead,' and 'Day of the Living Dead.' "John Skipp and Craig Spector came up with the idea of an anthology of stories exploring what things would be like if George Romero's zombies from his Dead Trilogy took over the world. The concept fired off in my imagination like a Roman candle, and this story was the result" (1 p. 806). King realizes that he can further the success of his current novel by bringing in a character from a past, successful novel. This idea is emphasized in many other modern bestsellers, such as Tom Clancy's Jack Ryan series. In the Jack Ryan series, Clancy reuses many characters throughout the series, which provides the reader with a familiar base for each story, exemplified in the characters of Admiral Greer, Robby Jackson, and Daniel Murray. By introducing these past characters, King is reinventing the success of past novels. In addition to the recycling of characters, King also uses common themes and stories in Nightmares and Dreamscapes. King is no fool, realizing that he can have another success by simply putting a variation on some established horror theme such as vampires or ghosts. For example, in the story 'Night Flier,' King uses the age-old Dracula vampire theme as the base for this story. However, he puts an interesting spin on the story by having the vampire fly around in a Cessna airplane instead of on his own wings, debasing the traditional idea that vampires turn into bats to fly around. In another set of short stories, King uses the subject matter of smokers. In the story, 'the Ten O'clock People' from Nightmares and Dreamscapes, smokers are the only ones who possess the ability to see 'bat people,' who live inside the bodies of people in high, powerful positions. King visited the theme of fantastic circumstances surrounding the specific area of smokers earlier in the short story 'Quitters Inc.' in the previous collection, Night Shift. In 'Quitters Inc.,' smokers, who enroll in a dramatic stop smoking program, face drastic consequences for relapsing into smoking. This reuse of familiar themes is not unique to King. John Grisham likewise uses common themes in many of his legal thrillers, especially the theme of a single lawyer taking on a corrupt enterprise such as the mob, the United States government or another law firm. For example, in Grisham's bestseller 'the Rainmaker,' young lawyer Rudy Baylor fights a corrupt insurance company who refuses to pay for the surgery of a terminally ill policyholder, who eventually dies after failing to receive treatment. This theme is also seen in another of Grisham's bestsellers, 'the Street Lawyer,' in which the protagonist Michael Brock quits his job at the most prestigious law firm in Washington D.C. in order to fight housing injustices among the D.C. homeless, ultimately having to battle his previous employer in court. Just as in the King stories, the protagonist, in the Grisham books, is able to overcome great obstacles to emerge victorious. Thus, Grisham uses the simple theme of David versus Goliath in the majority of his novels, simply adding enough new twists and characters so as to not repeat himself. This theme of David versus Goliath is repeated in the above-noted Tom Clancy 'Jack Ryan' series in which Ryan attempts to correct all corruption and injustice pertaining to the United States Government, while in elected office. The final interesting aspect of the success of Nightmares and Dreamscapes, and with it the rise of the modern bestseller, is that it employed the use of the Internet in the aspects of promotion and advertisement. King published the short story, 'Umney's Last Case,' on the Online Bookstore in the early part of 1993. Patrons could pay $5 to read the text of the story online or download the story onto their personal computers. This use of the Internet marks the first time such a promotion/advertisement for a major author has ever occurred. King, understanding the power and range of the Internet, wisely employed its' use in the promotion of Nightmares and Dreamscapes. King later employed the Internet again in the promotion of another of his books, the novella "Riding the Bullet," which is King's first book, only available over the Internet, "Online readers are snapping up the novella, "Riding the Bullet," which was made available on the Web today. On alone, more than 200,000 customers requested free copies of the story in a 24-hour promotion, according to the company" (2). Thus, King has recognized the power and strength of Internet promotion. This recognition has signaled the beginning of a different age of book selling, as now publishing companies have to deal with the Internet culture, in addition to the more established literary culture, for promotion and sales of their books. However, King is not the only bestseller author to employ the use of the Internet for promotional purposes. In 1997, the publishers of Tom Clancy's novel Power Plays: Politika launched a web site to accompany the release of Clancy's book in paperback. The site features information about the novel and the author, chat, and a game based on the book. In addition to the web site, America Online posted excerpts from the novel initially, with the entire Internet community later posting excerpts from the novel as well. John Grisham, in addition to Clancy, has also used the Internet to promote his work recently, beginning with his book, "the Brethren." "Beginning today, Liquid Audio is distributing a free preview of the first two chapters of the book as a digital download to consumers via, Barnes &,, and more than 300 other retail Web sites in the Liquid (TM) Music Network as well as news sites?Users can pre-order a copy of THE BRETHREN via participating retailers; the novel is scheduled to officially hit bookstores world-wide on Feb.1, 2000?'The extensive distribution network of Liquid Audio gives us an additional channel for promoting and selling our books, both online and through traditional markets' said Terrence Cheng, web producer for Random House. ``This promotion provides John Grisham fans with a sneak preview of the book and makes it easy to pre-order a copy from participating retailers'' (3). As a testament to the strength of Grisham's name and past literary work, Doubleday Publishing ordered 2.8 million copies for the first edition hardcover printing. Thus, both Grisham and Clancy, two of the best-selling authors in recent times, have also begun to use the Internet to promote their upcoming releases. Overall then, Stephen King's short story collection demonstrates the advent of the modern bestseller. For the majority of recent books from such authors as John Grisham, Tom Clancy and Stephen King, best selling novels succeed due to a formulaic plot, recycled characters which are familiar to the reader from past novels or popular culture, and strong Internet promotion and advertisement. We learn, after examination of King's Nightmares and Dreamscapes, that bestsellers have changed in recent years due to the above-stated characteristics, which are all apparent in his short-story collection.

Supplemental Material

Here are a list of common ties between the stories in Nightmares and Dreamscapes and other Stephen King stories, taken from Nightmares and Dreamscapes "Crouch End" 1. Night Shift: "Jerusalems Lot" Yogsoggoth Nightmares and Dreamscapes "Head Down" 1.Carrie: The Town of Lewiston 2.Cycle of the Werewolf: The Town of Bangor 3.Different Seasons: "The Body" The Town of Lewiston 4.Four Past Midnight: "Secret Window, Secret Garden" The town of Bangor 5.Four Past Midnight: "The Langoliers" The town of Bangor 6.Night Shift: "Grey Matter" The town of Bangor 7.Nightmares and Dreamscapes: "The Night Flier" The town of Bangor 8.Rage: The Town of Bangor, the Town of Lewiston 9.The Dead Zone: The town of Bangor, the town of Lewiston 10.The Long Walk: The town of Bangor 11.The Tommyknockers: The town of Bangor Nightmares and Dreamscapes "Home Delivery" 1.Cujo: Michael Fournier 2.Dolores Claiborne: Selina St George, Little Tall Island 3.Hearts in Atlantis: Gottrock Family, George Sullivan 4.Storm Of The Century: Little Tall Island Nightmares and Dreamscapes "It Grows on you" 1.Bag of Bones: The Town of Castle Rock 2.Creepshow: "The lonesome death of Jordy Verrill" The Town of Castle Rock 3.Cujo: The Town of Castle Rock 4.Different Seasons: "The Body" The Town of Castle Rock 5.Four Past Midnight: "The Sun Dog" Andy Clutterbuck, The Town of Castle Rock 6.Geralds Game: The Town of Castle Rock 7.Needful Things: Andy Clutterbuck, Melissa Clutterbuck, Lenny Partridge, The Town of Castle Rock 8.Riding the Bullet: The town of Castle Rock 9.Skeleton Crew: "Gramma" The Town of Castle Rock 10.Skeleton Crew: "Mrs. Todd's Shortcut" The Town of Castle Rock 11.Skeleton Crew: "Nona" The Town of Castle Rock 12.Skeleton Crew: "Uncle Otto's Truck" The Town of Castle Rock 13.Squad D: The town of Castle Rock 14.The Dark Half: Andy Clutterbuck The Town of Castle Rock 15.The Dead Zone: The Town of Castle Rock 16.The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon: The Town of Castle Rock 17.The Man in the Black Suit: The Town of Castle Rock Nightmares and Dreamscapes "My Pretty Pony" 1.Bag of Bones: Patty Banning 2.Dolores Claiborne: When Dolores is questioned she thinks to herself "One, my-pretty-pony, Two, my-pretty-pony" to give herself time to answer. Nightmares and Dreamscapes "The Fifth Quarter" 1.Carrie: John Swithen Nightmares and Dreamscapes "The Night Flier" 1.Bag of Bones: The newspaper "The Inside View" 2.Cujo: John Smith 3.Cycle of the Werewolf: The Town of Bangor 4.Desperation: The newspaper "The Inside View" 5.Four Past Midnight: "Secret Window, Secret Garden" The town of Bangor 6.Four Past Midnight: "The Langoliers" The town of Bangor 7.Insomnia: The newspaper "The Inside View" 8.Needful Things: John Smith 9.Night Shift: "Grey Matter" The town of Bangor 10.Nightmares and Dreamscapes: "Head Down" The town of Bangor 11.Rage: The Town of Bangor 12.Salems Lot: Cumberland county airport sits between Jerusalems Lot and Falmouth. 13.The Dead Zone: John Smith, The newspaper "The Inside View", Richard Dees, The town of Bangor 14.The Long Walk: The town of Bangor 15.The Tommyknockers: John Smith, The town of Bangor

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